The development of the C-to-C Roll as recounted by Ken Kastorff:
In the early 1970’s I was participating in winter pool slalom events in
When executing a C-1 roll, the paddle swings out perpendicular to the side while in mid air, then the paddle flips over into a low brace followed by a hip snap. It seemed that if that could be done with a kayak, the roll would be stronger and more reliable. Getting into a kayak, I tried the same set up as a C-1 roll prior to doing the hipsnap, then used the same hipsnap motion--only arching the back rather than coming forward.
Basically the adaptation just changed the timing of what people were doing with the roll at the time. At that point I started implementing it in teaching and found I was teaching people much more quickly and they understood what they were doing.
When I arrived at the